Most people know that the sun's rays can be damaging to the skin, but what a lot of people do not know is that there are ways to reduce the damage once it has been done. Your best defense against harmful UV rays is, of course, a high SPF sunscreen. Applying sunscreen liberally to your face and body prior to sun exposure is the best way to prevent damage to your skin. Remembering to re-apply frequently and especially if you are in the water is key to the utmost protection.
But, if you forgot to wear sunscreen or did not have a high enough SPF, there are ways to reduce damage to the skin like sunspots. If you have minor damage, you may even get away with applying a beauty product to help alleviate some of the damage.
Brightening creams are great because they work to alleviate sunspots or dark areas on your face that have resulted from sun exposure. Products that contain glycol, retinol, and witch hazel work by essentially lifting the dark spots out by gently exfoliating the top layer of your skin. Experts suggest introducing a new product to your routine gradually because new products could cause irritation.
Sun damage can mean wrinkles and no one likes wrinkles! Using a product that contains hyaluronic acid is a great option if the damage is minimal but you would still like to work to reduce the wrinkles that have resulted from that exposure. You can find products with hyaluronic acid at your local pharmacy in the skin care section.
In addition to sunspots, the sun can drain the moisture from your skin, which can make wrinkles show up more than they would if your skin was hydrated. Using a serum is a great way to keep your skin moisturized and healthy. Look for formulas with both vitamins C and E to boost collagen production and keep the moisture in the skin.
If the damage is the result of long-term sun exposure, a professional treatment may be better for your skin. There are many treatments available that can help reverse the effects of sun exposure.
Chemical peels are often used to help with skin damaged by the sun because it works to remove the top layer of skin that could be damaged. This reveals a new layer of skin underneath that is often clearer than the top layer and thus leaves the client with better-looking skin.
If your skin is mild to moderately damaged, microdermabrasion may be a great option for you. Microdermabrasion consists of a vacuum-like tube that removes damaged skin and promotes fresh skin growth. This procedure is gentler than dermabrasion but you may need multiple treatments to get the maximum results from the treatment.
Filler injections are another option if you are looking for a professional treatment. These injections work by replacing the collagen that has been lost because of the damage. There are different kinds of fillers available depending on your needs. In general, fillers can help with wrinkles, facial lines, and scars.
Microneedling is the process of using micro-sized needles to puncture tiny holes in the top layer of your skin. Similar to other skin procedures mentioned on this list, micro needling helps to increase collagen production and help promote new skin growth. Microneedling can reduce the appearance of both fine and deep wrinkles as well as the appearance of scars. Specifically, microneedling can help with sun damage and discoloration such as hyperpigmentation.
Remember to always wear SPF when you will be exposed to the sunlight. If you have sun damage, use these tips and consult a professional to determine the right routine for your unique skin.